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  • Creating Iron HowStuffWorks

    ­The more advanced way to smelt iron is in a blast furnace. A blast furnace is charged with iron ore, charcoal or coke (coke is charcoal made from coal) and limestone (CaCO 3 ­). Huge quantities of air blast in at the bottom of the furnace, and the calcium in the limestone

  • I. PIG IRON IS MADE IN A BLAST FURNACE BY SMELTING

    I, Pig iron is made in a blast furnace by smelting iron ore with coke and limestone. A. In general it has around 95 percent FE content, plus certain impurities such as carbon (say, 4 percent), and silicon, manganese, phosphorous and sulfur.

  • What's the function of limestone and Coke when added to

    Limestone-Limestone undergoes calcination to form calcined lime in furnace temperature.Calcined lime reduces the liquidus temperature of impurities in raw material added in blast furnace thereby helps in easy removal of impurities in form of slag

  • Coke (fuel) Wikipedia

    Coke is a grey, hard, and porous fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities, made by heating coal or oil in the absence of air—a destructive distillation process. It is an important industrial product, used mainly in iron ore smelting, but also as a fuel in stoves and forges when air pollution is a concern.. The unqualified term "coke" usually refers to the product derived from low

  • In a blast furnace why are the coke and limestone needed

    In the first stage, iron ore is heated with limestone and coke (pure carbon) in a blast furnace. A blast furnace is a very large oven in which the temperature may reach 1,500°C (2,700°F).

  • Blast Furnace an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Blast furnace gas is produced during the iron oxide reduction in blast furnace iron making in which iron ore, coke and limestone are heated and melted in a blast furnace and is an indigenous process gas of the steelworks industry (Pugh et al., 2013).

  • Iron Smelting, Charcoal, Coke, Limestone, DF YouTube

    Jun 20, 2012· 86 second clip from a documentary, explaining briefly charcoal, coke, iron smelting, and why Limestone is used. Explains & shows why limestone is used as flu...

  • I. PIG IRON IS MADE IN A BLAST FURNACE BY SMELTING

    I, Pig iron is made in a blast furnace by smelting iron ore with coke and limestone. A. In general it has around 95 percent FE content, plus certain impurities such as carbon (say, 4 percent), and silicon, manganese, phosphorous and sulfur.

  • Blast furnace metallurgy Britannica

    The iron oxides in the ore are chemically reduced to molten iron by carbon and carbon monoxide from the coke. The slag formed consists of the limestone flux, ash from the coke, and substances formed by the reaction of impurities in the ore with the flux; it floats in a molten state on the top of the molten iron. Hot gases rise from the

  • Metallurgical Coke Oxbow

    Met coke is used in products where a high quality, tough, resilient carbon is required. Met coke, limestone, and iron ore are mixed together in high temperature furnaces where extreme heat causes the chemical properties to bond, forming iron and steel. More than 95 percent of the met coke produced is used in the iron and steel industries.

  • Why Use Coke for Blast Furnace Ironmaking not Use Coal

    Coke is an important raw material in the smelting process of the blast furnace, accounting for about 45%. Others include pellets, sinter, lump ore, limestone and so on. Regarding coke, some people may have doubts. Coke and coal are all high-heating fuels. Even some anthracites have higher calorific value than coke and are cheaper than coke.

  • Blast Furnace an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Blast furnace gas is produced during the iron oxide reduction in blast furnace iron making in which iron ore, coke and limestone are heated and melted in a blast furnace and is an indigenous process gas of the steelworks industry (Pugh et al., 2013).

  • The Blast Furnace

    The purpose of a blast furnace is to chemically reduce and physically convert iron oxides into liquid iron called "hot metal". The blast furnace is a huge, steel stack lined with refractory brick, where iron ore, coke and limestone are dumped into the top, and preheated air is blown into the bottom.

  • In a blast furnace why are the coke and limestone needed

    In the first stage, iron ore is heated with limestone and coke (pure carbon) in a blast furnace. A blast furnace is a very large oven in which the temperature may reach 1,500°C (2,700°F).

  • How iron is made material, manufacture, making, history

    Coke is a substance made by heating coal until it becomes almost pure carbon. Sinter is made of lesser grade, finely divided iron ore which, is roasted with coke and lime to remove a large amount of the impurities in the ore. Limestone occurs naturally and is a source of calcium carbonate.

  • Limestone Its Processing and Application in Iron and

    Jul 07, 2017· Limestone is also a very important industrial mineral. Its chemical properties make it a valuable mineral for a wide range of industrial/manufacturing uses. Limestone is also one of the vital raw materials used in production of iron and steel. Limestone, by definition, is a rock that contains at least 50 % of CaCO3 in the form of calcite by weight.

  • Extraction of Iron Metallurgy Blast Furnace and Reactions

    A blast furnace is a gigantic, steel stack lined with refractory brick where the concentrated iron ore, coke, and limestone are dumped from the top, and a blast of hot air is blown into the bottom. All the three ingredients are crushed into small round pieces and mixed and put on a hopper which controls the input.

  • In the extraction of iron from haematite, the charge used

    0. 8 0 4 g sample of iron ore was dissolved in acid. Iron was oxidised to + 2 state and it required 4 7 . 2 mL of 0 . 1 1 2 N K M n O 4 solution for titration. If the percentage of F e in the ore (as nearest integer value) is 6 X + 1 .

  • Cupola Furnace: Structure, Operation and Zones Foundry

    The charge is composed of 25% pig iron, 50% gray cast iron scrap, 10% steel scrap, 12% coke as fuel, and 3% limestone as flux. These constituents form alternate layers of coke, limestone and metal. Besides limestone, fluorspar and soda ash are also used as flux material The function of flux is to remove the impurities in the iron and

  • The Extraction of Iron Chemistry LibreTexts

    Aug 15, 2020· The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch ® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057,

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